Communist Manifesto Essay Example
The Communist Manifesto was Karl Marx and Frederick Engel’s way of sharing the communist dream with the world. They pointed out communist ideologies, differences of the bourgeois and the proletariat, the comparison of socialist classes and communism despite their similarities. Through this, society was able to see what the intended even if their dreams would never come into complete fruition.
Socialism and communism are often used interchangeably because they both oppose capitalism. At the time the Communist Manifesto was written, socialism referred to “any concern with the social problems produced by capitalism.” Despite their similarities, they have some differences. Socialism and communism share the same goal-equality and the termination of social classes. However, socialism allows the people to be in control of all aspects of production and distribution. Workers are also allowed to earn wages and spend them however they may choose. Communism, however, the working class is in control of all aspects of life and there is only one goal for society as a whole. Everything is provided on the basis of the needs of the people.
Socialism was further divided into three categories, and some of these categories have subcategories. The first was called “Reactionary Socialism.” As a whole, Reactionary socialists wanted things to remain how they were. The bourgeois and modern industry threatened the lives that they had and they wanted to prevent that from happening.
Reactionary socialism was further divided into three subcategories; Feudal, Petty- Bourgeois, and German or “True.” Feudal socialist argued that the rise of the bourgeois would threaten their way of life and that the bourgeois created a “revolutionary proletariat,” and this proletariat would end their current way of life. They wanted the feudal system to continue. Petty- Bourgeois socialists knew that it was an inevitable fact that they would lose their social status and would eventually become a part of the proletariat. Marx and Engels claimed that, both, the petty- bourgeois and reactionary socialism were unrealistic because they both were seeking to bring the actions and way of life of the past back and that was simply impossible. It was counterproductive to a communist society. The last subcategory of reactionary socialism is German or “true” socialism. Ultimately, they wanted to work on humanity in general as opposed to the different social classes. They criticized the bourgeoisie and the proletariat which in turn lead the German socialists to be able to spread their own beliefs.
The second form of socialism is called Conservative socialism. Conservative socialist were a part of the bourgeois that wanted to keep the bourgeois in power but they wanted to remove the struggles of that power. “They wish for a bourgeoise without a proletariat.” Although this is the main belief of the conservative socialists, there was another form of them. They wanted to show the proletariat that the only way to change their circumstances is to change the “materialistic” aspect of their conditions, meaning they would have to change their economy before their political problems.
The final form of socialism was Critical-utopian socialism. Like communism, critical- utopian socialists wanted a classless society. They criticized capitalism and used it as a way too support and broadcast their own agenda. Initially, Marx and Engels believed they had good ideas but with how the social classes unfolded, their ideas eventually became irrelevant because they were no longer feasible.
Capitalism, the exact opposite of communism, continued to flourish as communist ideologies were further diminished. Capitalism is based on the success of an individual. Because of this, greed fuels work ethic. In order to remain on top, the individual has to work harder. This is one of the reasons that communism did not prevail. Those who want more than to be equal to all others work so that they can be superior. At the time the Communist Manifesto was written, the world was becoming more industrialized. This also could have attributed to the success of capitalism. The drive for wealth and success from industrialization only added to the greed that capitalism stems from. With industrialization, it was easier to adapt to the changing work force. The adaptation associated with capitalism also leads to its prevail over communist ideologies.
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